Document Type : Research Article


M. A. in Family Counseling, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Aras International Campus, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran


Women's mental health can overshadow theirs other responsibilities; therefore, examining the role of influential factors in mental health has been considered a matter of importance. The present study aimed to investigate the role of emotional components of quality of life in predicting the mental health of married women. This study was descriptive-correlational. In this regard, 240 individuals from the married women community of Shiraz were purposefully selected and surveyed in cyberspace using the SF-36 Quality of Life Questionnaire and the General Health Questionnaire – 28 (GHQ-28). To analyze the data, multiple regression analysis (enter model) was employed. Data analysis revealed that emotional components of quality of life have a significant relationship with mental health (p< 0.01). Multiple regression analysis showed that the components of energy/fatigue, emotional well-being, and social functioning play a positive role in predicting the mental health of married women; moreover, the component of role dysfunction plays a negative part due to lack of emotional health. According to the findings of the present study, it could be concluded that the emotional well-being, happiness, and vitality of married women can play an important role in their mental health.


Main Subjects

Becker, C., Kirchmaier, I., & Trautmann, S. T. (2019). Marriage, parenthood and social network: Subjective well-being and mental health in old age. PloS one14(7), e0218704.
Bierman, A., Fazio, E.M. & Milkie, M. A. (2006). A multifaceted approach to the mental health advantage of the married: Assessing how explanations vary by outcome measure and unmarried group. Journal of Family Issues, 27(4), 554–582.
Cohen, S. H. (2004). Social Relationships and Health. American Psychologist, 59(8), 676-84.
Commission on Social Determinants of Health. (2005). Towards A Conceptual framework for Analysis and Action against Social Determinants of Health. WHO: Geneva.
Diener, E. (2006). Understanding scores on the satisfaction with life scale. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 33, 340-391.
Ebrahimi Moghaddam, H., Mahmodi, A. (2017). The relationship between quality of life and self-efficacy among students with mental health component. Journal of Counseling Researches, 16 (63), 67-80.
Fallahchai, S. R., Fallahi, M. (2016). Comparison of mental health, psychological well-being and self-esteem of women and girls in Shiraz. Women and Family Studies, 9(34), 165-143.
Farahani, M. N., Mohammadkhani, S., Joker, F. (2009). The relationship between life satisfaction with quality of life and subjecting wellbeing in Tehran teachears. Rph. 3 (1) :5-0. URL:
Farhadi, A., Foroughan, M., & Mohammadi, F. (2011). The quality of life among rural elderlies a cross-sectional study. Iranian Journal of Ageing, 6(2), 38-46.
Ferrand, C., Martinent, G., & Durmaz, N. (2014). Psychological need satisfaction and well-being in adults aged 80 years and older living in residential homes: Using a self-determination theory perspective. Journal of Aging Studies, 30, 104-111.
Forjaz, M. J., Rodriguez-Blazquez, C., Ayala, A., Rodriguez-Rodriguez, V., de Pedro-Cuesta, J., Garcia-Gutierrez, S., & Prados-Torres, A. (2015). Chronic conditions, disability, and quality of life in older adults with multimorbidity in Spain. European journal of internal medicine, 26(3), 176-181.‏
Frisch, M. B. (2005). Quality of life therapy: Applying a life satisfaction approach to positive psychology and cognitive therapy. John Wiley & Sons.
Frisch, M. B. (2006). Quality of life therapy: Applying a life satisfaction approach to positive psychology and cognitive therapy. Translated by Akram Khamseh, (2011), Tehran, Arjmand.
Garcia, D., Archer, T., Moradi, S., & Andersson, A. (2012). Exercise Frequency, High Activation Positive Affect and Psychological Well-Being: Beyond Age, Gender and Occupation, Göteborgs Universitet. Psychology, 3(4), 328-336.
Gholami, A., Borji, J., Chenarani, R., Bahavar, A., & Zareie, E. (2015). A survey on quality of life in women referred to health centers of Neyshabur-2012. Journal of Sabzevar University of Medical Sciences, 22(5), 732-739.
Goldberg, D. P. (1972). The detection of psychiatric illness by questionnaire: A technique for the identification and assessment of non-psychotic psychiatric illness. Oxford U. Press.
Goldberg, D., & Williams, P. (1988). General health questionnaire. U. K.: NFER Nelson.
Gordon, H.G.C., Ferrans, M.Y., Halyard, D.A., Revicki, T.L., Symonds, C.G., Varricchio, A., Kotzeva, J.M., Valderas, J & Alonso, L (2007). Related Quality-of-Life Information From Clinical Research and Into Clinical Practice. Exploration of the Value of Health, 82(10), 1229-1239.   
Hajiran, H. (2006). Toward a quality of life theory: net domestic product of happiness. Social indicators research, 75(1), 31-43.‏
Hilari, K., Justin, J. N., & Harrison, K. L. (2012). What are the important factors in health-related quality of Life for people with aphasia? A Systematic review. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 93(1), 86-95.
Joshanloo, M., Rastegar, P., & Bakhshi, A. (2012). The Big Five personality domains as predictors of social wellbeing in Iranian university students. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 29(5), 639-660.
Karimi, Y. (2011). Descriptive culture of psychology. Tehran: Roshd.
Kaveh, M. (2012). Pathology of Social Diseases (Volume One), Tehran: Sociologists.
King, C.R., & Hinds, P.S. (2003). Quality of Life from nursing and patient perspective, Jones and Bartlett Publishers. Massachusetts.
Mac Dowell, I. (2006). Measuring health: A guide to rating scales and questionnaires. 3 td Edition, Oxford University Press: UK.
Mardani Hamule, M., Shahraki Vahed, A. (2010). Relationship between Mental Health and Quality of Life in Cancer Patients. Journal of Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, 18 (2), 111-117.
Matud, M. P. (2004). Gender differences in stress and coping styles. Personality and individual differences, 37(7), 1401-1415.
Mazuchovan, L., Kelcíkova, S., & Dubovicka, Z. (2018). Measuring women's quality of life during pregnancy. Kontakt, 20(1), 31-36.
Mental Health Commission of Canada. (2009). Toward recovery and well-being a framework for a mental health strategy for Canada .WHO: Geneva.
Mirhashemi, M., & Hoseinsharghi, A. (2016). The Correlation Identity Styles and Religious Orientation with University Students' General Health. Research in Cognitive and Behavioral Sciences6(1), 77-90.
Mokhtari, M., Nazari, Javad. (1389). Sociology of Quality of Life, Tehran: Sociologists.
Molaei Yasavali, H., Borjali, A., Molaei Yasavali, M., & Fadakar, P. (2015). Prediction Quality of Life Based on Psychological Well-Being of Ryff and the Role of Mediator Life Satisfaction. Journal of Excellence in counseling and psychotherapy4(13), 1-11.
Montazeri A, Goshtasebi A, Vahdaninia M.S. (2006). The Short Form Health Survey (SF-36): translation and validation study of the Iranian version. Payesh. 5 (1).
Noorbala A. (2011). Psychosocial Health and Strategies for improvement. IJPCP. 17 (2) :151-156. URL:
Okun, M. A., Stock, W. A., Haring, M. J. & Witter, R. A. (1984). Health and Subjective wellbeing: A meta-analysis. International Journal of Aging and Human Development, 19(2), 32-111.
Oladipo, S. E., Adenaike, F. A., Adejumo, A. O., & Ojewumi, K. O. (2013). Psychological predictors of life satisfaction among undergraduates. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 82, 292-297.
Omidy, A.; Hosseini, F.; Assarian, F. (2002). A study of the lifestyle of addicts in the city of Zavareh. National Conference on Addiction, Challenges and Treatments, Zanjan.
Routledge, C., Wildschut, T., Sedikides, C., & Juhl, J. (2013). Nostalgia as a resource for psychological health and well‐being. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 7(11), 808-818.
Russell, R. D. (1973). Social health: An attempt to clarify this dimension of well-being. International Journal of Health Education, 16, 74–82.
Ryff, C. D. (1989). Happiness is everything, or is it? Explorations on the meaning of psychological wellbeing, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 57(6), 1069-1081.
Solhi, M., Kazemi, S. S., Haghni, H. (2012). Relationship between general health and self-efficacy in women referred to health center No.2 in Chaloos. Razi Journal of Medical Sciences Iran University of Medical Sciences, 20 (109), 72-79.
Stokols, D. (1992). Establishing and maintaining health environments: Toward a social ecology of health promotion. American Psychology, 47(1), 6–22.
Tabachnick, B. G., Fidell, L. S. (2007). Using multivariate statistics. Boston: Pearson Education.
Vameghi, M., Sadighi, J., Tavousi, M., Jahangiri, K., Azin, A., Omidvari S, et al . (2013). Social relationships and health: findings from the Iranian Health Perception Survey (IHPS). Payesh, 12 (2), 183-194. 
Videbeck, Sheila L. (2004). Psychiatric mental health nursing. 2nd Edition, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, USA, 56-100.
VukoviĆ, M., Sukur, Ž., VukoviĆ, I., Salis, C., & Code, C. (2021). Reliability and validity of the Stroke and Aphasia Quality of Life Scale-39 (SAQOL-39) for a Serbian population. International Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, 1-5.
WHO Quality of Life Group (1996). WHOQOL-BREF Introduction,Adminstration and scoring. Field Trial version, World Health Organization: Geneva.
WHO.  (2015). Suicide rates. Available from: http://www.WHO Into/mental _health/ prevention/ suicide/ suicide rates/en.
Williams, P., Goldberg, D. P., & Mari, J. (1987). The validity of the GHQ questionnaire. Social Psychiatry, 21, 15-21.
Wilson, C. M., & Oswald, A. J. (2005, June). How does marriage affect physical and psychological health? A survey of the longitudinal evidence. Retrieved in
Wrosch, C., Scheier, M. F., & Miller, G. E. (2013). Goal adjustment capacities, subjective well‐being, and physical health. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 7(12), 847-860.