Document Type : Research Article


M.A. in Genaral Psychology, Rahman Institute of Higher Education


The present study aims to predict the attitude towards marital infidelity based on attachment and perfectionism styles. The research method was correlational-descriptive and the statistical population was all married students of Islamic Azad University, Lahijan Branch. A sample of 369 students was selected by convenience sampling method. Adult Attachment Questionnaire, The Perfectionism Questionnaire and Attitude to Marital Infidelity Questionnaire were used to collect data. The research hypotheses were examined through Pearson correlation test and multiple regression and found that a significant correlation exists between marital infidelity with ambivalent attachment style (0.450), avoidant attachment style (0.348), safe style (-0.519), positive perfectionism (-0.403) and negative perfectionism (0.433). In addition, the multiple regression model indicated that attachment and perfectionism styles could accurately predict 34% and 25% of the variance of marital infidelity, respectively. The results indicated that creating a secure attachment style and positive perfectionism in individuals is related to reducing marital infidelity and consequently increasing family stability


Main Subjects

Abbasi, S., Nazari, A., Mohsenzadeh, F., Taheri, M. (2014). Multiple Relationships of Attachment Styles, Personality Dimensions and Marital Satisfaction with Marital Infidelity. Cultural-Educational Quarterly of Women and Family, 29, 79-94.
Abdi, M., Khosh Konesh, A., Poorabrahim, T., Mohammadi, R. (2012). A Study of Attachment Style and Marital Satisfaction of Married People Involved in Internet Infidelity. Psychological Studies, 8 (3): 135-159.
Aghajan Begloo, S.; Motaharnia, S. (2014). Investigating the causes of couple infidelity in Bushehr, International view of religious culture and thought. Cultural Engineering Steering Center of Bushehr Public Culture Council.
Ahmadi Tahoor, M., Jafari, I., Karaminia, R., Akhavan, H. (2019). Investigating the Relationship between Positive and Negative Perfectionism and Personality Type D with General Health of the Elderly. (3)Scientific Journal of Hamadan University of Medical Sciences and Health Services, 17(30), 64-70.
Akbari, Z.; Shafiabadi, A.; Honarparvaran, N. (2011). Comparing the attachment styles in married men with extramarital relationships and those without extramarital affairs, Quarterly Journal of Thought and Behavior, Fifth, Issue. 20: 25-31.
Allen, E. S., & Baucom, D. H. (2004). Adult attachment and patterns of extradyadic involvement. Family Process, 43(4), 467-488. [DOI: 10.1111/j.1545-5300.2004.00035.x]
Amanollahi, A., Aslani, Kh., Tashakor, H., Neguie, S. (2012). Investigating the Relationship between Romantic Attachment Styles and Love with Marital Satisfaction. Social and Psychological Studies of Women, 10(3), 67-86.
Berry, K., Barrowclough, C., & Wearden, A. (2010). Attachment theory: a framework for understanding symptoms and interpersonal relationships in psychosis. Behaviour research and therapy, 46(12), 1275-1282. [DOI: 10.1016/j.brat.2008.08.009]
Besharat, M. A. (2009). The Farsi version of the Positive and Negative Perfectionism Scale: Reliability, validity, and psychometric properties. Psychological Reports 105(1):99-110. [Doi: 10.2466/PR0.105.1.99-110]
Cassidy, J., & Berlin, L. J. (1994). The insecure/ambivalent pattern of attachment: Theory and research. Child development, 65(4), 971-991.
Cohen, A. B. (2005). The relation of attachment to infidelity in romantic relationships: An exploration of attachment style, perception of partner's attachment style, relationship satisfaction, relationship quality and gender differences in sexual behaviors. Doctoral dissertation. Adelphi University, The Institute of Advanced Psychological Studies.
Fathi, M.,  Fekr Azad, H., Ghaffari, Gh., Boalhari, J. (2013). Underlying Factors in Women's Marital Biofeedback. Consensus Welfare Quarterly, 13(51), 109-129.
Feeney, J. A. (2017). Understanding couple conflict from an attachment perspective. In J. Fitzgerald (Ed.), Foundations for couples' therapy: Research for the real world (p. 71–81). Routledge/Taylor & Francis Group . [DOI: 10.4324/9781315678610-8]
Gol, H. C., Rostami, A. M., & Goudarzi, M. (2013). Prediction of marital satisfaction based on perfectionism. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 89, 567-571. [DOI: 10.1016/j.sbspro.2013.08.896]
Golparvar, M., Setayeshmanesh, S. (2014). Predictability of marital satisfaction components based on the components of perfectionism of married women. Quarterly Journal of Women and Family Social and Cultural Council, 7(65), 4-9.
Hadi, S., Eskandari, H., Sohrabi, F., Farokhi, N. A. (2017). Structural model of marital commitment prediction based on attachment styles and mediating variables of self-control and early maladaptive strains. Journal of Counseling and Psychotherapy Culture, 7(28), 33-60.
Haghi, F., Allahverdipour, H., Nadrian, H., Sarbakhsh, P., Hashemiparast, M., & Mirghafourvand, M. (2017). Sexual problems, marital intimacy and quality of sex life among married women: A study from an Islamic country. Sexual and Relationship Therapy, 1-14.
Hazan, C., & Shaver, P. (1987). Romantic love conceptualized as an attachment process. Journal of personality and social psychology, 52(3), 511.
Jeanfreau, M. M., Jurich, A. P., & Mong, M. D. (2014). Risk factors associated with women’s marital infidelity. Contemporary Family Therapy, 36(3), 327-332. [DOI: 10.1007/s10591-014-9309-3]
Khodabaskhsi Kolai, A., Bahrami, S., Rustak, H., Eqlima, M. (2017). Evaluating the quality of love and sexual satisfaction in men with a history of breach of contract and no history of breach of contract, Social Welfare Quarterly, 5 (4), 5-12.
McCray, M. L. (2015). Infidelity, Trust, Commitment, and Marital Satisfaction Among Military Wives During Husbands' Deployment. Dissertation Submitted in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy Psychology Walden. .
Park, H.-j., Heppner, P. P., & Lee, D.-g. (2010). Maladaptive coping and self-esteem as mediators between perfectionism and psychological distress. Personality and Individual Differences, 48(4), 469-474. [DOI: 10.1016/j.paid.2009.11.024]
Parker, M., & Campbell, K. (2017). Infidelity and Attachment: The Moderating Role of Race/Ethnicity. Contemporary Family Therapy, 39(3), 172-183. [DOI: 10.1007/s10591-017-9415-0]
Pereira, M. G., Taysi, E., Orcan, F., & Fincham, F. (2014). Attachment, infidelity, and loneliness in college students involved in a romantic relationship: The role of relationship satisfaction, morbidity, and prayer for partner. Contemporary Family Therapy, 36(3), 333-350. [DOI: 10.1007/s10591-013-9289-8]
Platts, H., Tyson, M., & Mason, O. (2002). Adult attachment style and core beliefs: are they linked? Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy, 9(5), 332-348. [DOI: 10.1002/cpp.345]
Rafiei, S., Hatami, A., Foroughi, A. (2011). Relationship between early maladaptive schemas and attachment style in women with marital infidelity. Journal of Sociology of Women, 2(1), 21-36.
Rajabi, Gh., Mousaviannejad, K., Taghipour, M. (2014). The Relationship between Attachment Styles and Emotional Intelligence with Marital Satisfaction and Conflict in Married Female Teachers, Bi-Quarterly Journal of Applied Counseling, 4 (1), 49-66. [DOI: 10.22055/JAC.2014.12562]
Rice, K. G., & Dellwo, J. P. (2002). Perfectionism and self‐development: Implications for college adjustment. Journal of counseling & development, 80(2), 188-196. [DOI: 10.1002/j.1556-6678.2002.tb00182.x]
Sami, A., Mohammad Nazari, A., Mohsenzadeh, F., Taheri, M. (2014). Multiple Relationships of Attachment Styles, Personality Dimensions and Marital Satisfaction with Marital Infidelity, Cultural-Educational Quarterly of Women and Family, 9(29), 79-94.
Sayadpour, Z. (2007). The Relationship between Self-Esteem and Attachment Style, Transformational Psychology, 3 (12), 311-321.
Sharabaf, H., Ghannad, M., Hakmabadi, M. (2014). Investigating the relationship between the dimensions of perfectionism and sexual function of infertile women, Journal of Women, Midwifery and Infertility, 17 (97), 9-18. 
Stoeber, J., Harris, R. A., & Moon, P. S. (2007). Perfectionism and the experience of pride, shame, and guilt: Comparing healthy perfectionists, unhealthy perfectionists, and non-perfectionists. Personality and Individual Differences, 43(1), 131-141. [DOI:10.1016/j.paid.2006.11.012]
Stoeber, J., Kempe, T., & Keogh, E. J. (2008). Facets of self-oriented and socially prescribed perfectionism and feelings of pride, shame, and guilt following success and failure. Personality and Individual Differences, 44(7), 1506-1516. [DOI: 10.1016/j.paid.2008.01.007]
Tao, P., Coates, R., & Maycock, B. (2012). Investigating marital relationship in infertility: a systematic review of quantitative studies. Journal of reproduction & infertility, 13(2), 71.
Terry-Short, L., A. & Owens, Glynn, R., Slade, P. D., & Dewey, M.E. (1995). Positive and negative perfectionism. Personality and Individual Differences. 18. 663-668. [DOI: 10.1016/0191-8869(94)00192-U]
Wearden, A., Peters, I., Berry, K., Barrowclough, C., & Liversidge, T. (2008). Adult attachment, parenting experiences, and core beliefs about self and others. Personality and Individual Differences, 44(5), 1246-1257. [DOI:10.1016/j.paid.2007.11.019]
Whatley M. (2008). Attitudes toward infdelity scale: Ed: D. Knox, ve C. Schacht. Choices in relationships. Belmont, California: Thompson Wadsworth publishing.