The Relationship between Video Games and Cognitive Skills of Students

Document Type : Research Article


1 Ph. D. in Psychology, Department of Psychology, Faculty of Educational Sciences and Psychology, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran

2 Ph.D. in Counseling, Department of Counseling, School of Psychology & Training Sciences, Allameh Tabatabai University, Tehran, Iran.

3 M. A. in Educational Psychology, Department of Psychology, Central Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

4 M.A. in Educational Management, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran

5 Ph.D. in Educational Technology, Faculty of Humanities, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran.



This research examines the relationship between video games and cognitive skills including critical thinking and creative thinking. This was an analytical and cross-sectional study. The statistical population of the research consisted of high school students of Ardebil in the academic year 2013-2014. A sample consisting of 105 students, of whom 54 were female and 51 were male, was selected using multi-stage cluster sampling. They filled out two questionnaires, namely the California Critical Thinking Skill Test (CCTST) and Critical Thinking Test (CT). Data collected from the questionnaires were analyzed by SPSS and one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA). To conduct the analysis, the participants were divided into four groups based on the number of hours spent playing video games every day, namely no gaming, less than 1 hour, between 1-2 hours, and more than 2 hours of gaming, and into four groups based on the number of years they had been playing video games, namely no gaming, less than a year, 1-2 years, and more than 2 years. The results of the one-way ANOVA showed significant differences in creativity between the four groups based on the hours spent playing and the number of years the subjects had been playing video games (P<0.05). The differences between the four groups in terms of critical thinking were also significant (P<0.05). The findings indicate that the individuals spending up to two hours playing video games on a daily basis have higher levels of creativity and critical thinking compared to non-gamers.


Main Subjects

  • Receive Date: 19 July 2021
  • Revise Date: 14 September 2021
  • Accept Date: 29 October 2021
  • First Publish Date: 30 November 2021