The Frequency of Self-harm Behaviors among University Students

Document Type : Research Article


1 Master of General Psychology, University of Guilan, Rasht, Iran.

2 Professor, Psychology Department, University of Guilan



The aim of this study was to investigate the frequency of self-harm behaviors in University Students. The statistical population of this descriptive study includes the entire undergraduate students of the University of Guilan who have been studying at this university un the academic year 2019-20. Participants in the research were 508 students (368 females and 140 males) who were randomly selected among the students. For data collection, the self-harm questionnaire of Sanson et al. (1998) and to analyze them, descriptive statistics methods and chi-square test were used. According to the findings, 17.8% of the students have self-harm behaviors. The results of Chi-square test showed that there is no difference between male and female students in terms of the frequency of direct, indirect and general self-harm behaviors. (P> 0.01). But burning the body, Recklessness in driving, alcohol abuse and Deliberate loss of job in male students, and involved in relationships that expose one to sexual abuse and Deliberate self-starvation were more common in female students. (p< 0.01). Also, local and non-indigenous university students and different age groups of students were significant different in terms of acts of self-harm and indirect self-harm. (P< 0.01). Based on the findings, it can be stated that self-harm is a relatively common behavior in university students. As a result, these people need to be identified and treated in a timely manner to reduce the negative consequences of these behaviors.


Main Subjects

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Volume 1, Issue 3 - Serial Number 3
November 2021
Pages 9-24
  • Receive Date: 16 June 2021
  • Revise Date: 21 September 2021
  • Accept Date: 20 December 2021
  • First Publish Date: 20 December 2021