Investigating the Relationship between Self-control and Perceived Social Support with Marital Intimacy among Married Female Students

Document Type : Research Article

Authors

1 Assistant Professor, Islamic Azad University, Shahroud Branch, Semnan, Iran.

2 Ph.D. Candidate, Department of Psychology, Islamic Azad University, Shahroud Branch, Semnan, Iran

3 Ph.D. Candidate, Department of Psychology, Islamic Azad University, Shahroud Branch Semnan, Iran

4 Ph.D. in Health Psychology, University Lecturer, Rahman Institute of Higher Education ,Ramsar, Iran

Abstract

The family is considered the first social institution created by marriage. One of the outstanding features of a successful marriage is the intimacy between spouses. The present study aims to investigate the relationship between self-control and perceived social support with marital intimacy among female students. The study was descriptive-correlational, and the statistical population consisted of married female students of Azad University, North Tehran Branch during 2018-2019. The statistical sample was selected by simple random sampling method from among 150 married female students. To collect data, Marital Intimacy Questionnaire (MIQ) and Self-Control Questionnaire (SCQ) and The Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS) were used. Pearson correlation coefficient and Multiple Linear Regression were used to analyze the data using SPSS-23 software. It was found that a significant positive relationship exists between marital intimacy and perceived social support and self-control in married female students. Further, there is a positive and significant relationship between marital intimacy and self-control. Increasing social support and self-control can improve some aspects of marital intimacy

Keywords

Main Subjects


Ahmadian, F., Haghayegh, S., A. (2020). Relationship model of sexual dissatisfaction and quality of life in obese people concerning the mediating role of marital intimacy. Journal of Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, 28(1), 2302-2314. http://jssu.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-4893-en.html
 
Alahdad, R., Alavi, M., Ninggal, T., & Mirzaei, F. (2014). Identifying Major Traits of Personality towards Life Satisfaction among Married Students. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 114, 394-398. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2013.12.718
 
Alizadeh, H. (2005). A Theoretical Explanation On Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: Behavioral Inhibition Model And Nature Of Self-Control. Journal Of Exceptional Children (Research On Exceptional Children), 5(3 (17)), 323-348. https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=46847
 
Asayesh,, H., Hesam, M., Ghorbani, M., Shariati, AR., Nasiri, H. (2011). The Relationship of Perceived Social Support, Mental Health and Life Satisfaction in Martyrs and Veterans Students of State University in Gorgan. Journal of Research Development Nursing and Midwifery, 8 (1), 34-41. http://nmj.goums.ac.ir/article-1-113-en.html     
 
Bagarozzi, D., A. (2013). Enhancing Intimacy in Marriage: A clinician Guide. New York: Routledge.
 
Bakhtiyari, M., Emaminaeini, M., Hatami, H., KhodaKarim, S., & Sahaf, R. (2017). Depression and Perceived Social Support in the Elderly. Salmand:  Iranian Journal of Aging, 12(2), 192-207. http://dx.doi.org/10.21859/sija-1202192
 
Bandura, A. (2005). Social Cognitive Theory: An Agentic Perspective. Annual Review of Psychology, 52, 1-26. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.psych.52.1.1
 
Brown, E. (2001). Patterns of Infidelity and Their Treatment. New York: Brunner Mazel. https://www.amazon.com/Patterns-Infidelity-Their-Treatment-Emily/dp/1583913696.
 
Brummett, B. H., Mark, D. B., Siegler, I.. C., Williams, R. .B., Babyak, M.A., Clapp-Channing, N. E., & Barefoot, J. C. (2005). Perceived Social Support as a Predictor of Mortality in Coronary Patients: Effects of Smoking, Sedentary Behavior, and Depressive Symptoms. Psychosomatic Medicine, 67(1), 40-45. https://doi.org/10.1097/01.psy.0000149257.74854.b7
 
Calvete, E., & Connor-Smith, J. K. (2006). Perceived Social Support, Coping, and Symptoms of Distress in American and Spanish Students. Anxiety, Stress & Coping: An International Journal, 19(1), 47-65. https://doi.org/10.1080/10615800500472963
 
Cao, H., Zhou, N., Fang, X., & Fine, M. A. (2017). Marital Well-Being and Depression in Chinese Marriage: Going Beyond Satisfaction and Ruling Out Critical Confounders. Journal of Family Psychology, 31(6), 775-784.  https://doi.org/10.1037/fam0000312
 
Chan, C. W., Molassiotis, A., Yam, B. M., Chang, S. J., & Lam, C. S. (2004). Traveling through the cancer trajectory: Social support perceived by women with gynecologic cancer in Hong Kong. Cancer Nurs, 24(5), 387-394. https://journals.lww.com/cancernursingonline/Abstract/2001/10000/Traveling_through_the_Cancer_Trajectory__Social.11.aspx
 
Charyton, C., Elliott, J. O., Lu, B., & Moore, J. L. (2009). The Impact of Social Support on Health Related Quality of Life in Persons with Epilepsy. Epilepsy Behavior, 16(4), 640-645. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.yebeh.2009.09.011
 
Conroy, A. A., McGrath, N., Van Rooyen, H., Hosegood, V., Johnson M.O., Fritz, K. (2016). Power and the association with relationship quality in South African couples: Implications for HIV/AIDS interventions. Social Science & Medicine, 153, 1 -11. http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11910/9610
 
Erfani-Akbari, M. (2008). Investigating the problems related to couple intimacy and the effect of couple communication therapy on it. Master Thesis in Counseling and Guidance, Tehran, Al-Zahra University.
 
Ersoy-Kart, M., & Güldü, Ö. (2005). Vulnerability to stress, perceived social support, and coping styles among chronic hemodialysis patients. Dialysis & Transplantation, 34, 662-671. https://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/Vulnerability-to-stress%2C-perceived-social-support%2C-Ersoy-Kart-G%C3%BCld%C3%BC/340655055dd5ba544e629505406ad67ccf252227
 
Fathollahzadeh, N., Mirseifi Fard, L., Kazemi, M., Saadati, N., & Navabi Nejad, Sh. (2017). Effectiveness of marital life enrichment based on Choice Theory on quality of marital relationship and couples' intimacy. Journal of Applied Psychology, 11(3 (43)), 353-372. https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=671502
 
Ferreira, L. C.; Narciso, I.; Nova, R. (2013). Authenticity, work and change: a qualitative study on couple intimacy. Families Relationships and Societies, 2 & 3(16), 339-354. http://dx.doi.org/10.1332/204674313X668569  
 
Francis, H., & Meyerson, B. (2017). If You Build It, They Will Come: Feasibility of Sexual Health Research Among Individuals Married Within the Latter Day Saint Faith. Sexuality & Culture, 21(1), 49-61. https://psycnet.apa.org/doi/10.1007/s12119-016-9378-6
 
Gonczarowski, Y. A., Nisan, N., Ostrovsky, R., & Rosenbaum, W. (2019). A stable marriage requires communication. Games and Economic Behavior, 118, 626- 647. https://ideas.repec.org/a/eee/gamebe/v118y2019icp626-647.html
 
Helgeston, V. S., & Cohen, S. (2004). Social support and adjustment to cancer: Reconciling descriptive, corelational and intervention research. Health Psychology, 15(2), 135-148. https://doi.org/10.1037/0278-6133.15.2.135
 
Hertlein, K. M., Wetchler, J. L., & Piercy, F. P. (2005). Infidelity: An Overview. Journal of Couple & Relationship Therapy, 4(2,3), 5-16. https://doi.org/10.1300/J398v04n02_02
 
Hou, Y., Jiang, F., & Wang, X. (2019). Marital commitment, communication and marital satisfaction: An analysis based on actor–partner interdependence model. International Journal of Psychology, 54(3), 369-376. https://doi.org/10.1002/ijop.12473
 
John, N. A., Seme, A., Roro, M. A., & Tsui, A. O. (2017). Understanding the Meaning of Marital Relationship Quality among Couples in Peri-urban Ethiopia. Culture, health & sexuality, 19(2), 267-278. https://psycnet.apa.org/doi/10.1080/13691058.2016.1215526
 
Khazaei, M., Rostami, R., & Zaryabi, A. (2011). The Relationship Between Sexual Dysfunctions and Marital Satisfaction in Iranian Married Students. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 30, 783-785. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2011.10.152
 
Kõu, A., & Bailey, A. (2017). ‘Some people Expect Women should always be Dependent’: Indian Women’s Experiences as Highly Skilled Migrants. Geoforum, 85, 178-186.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geoforum.2017.07.025
 
Lee, E. H., Yae Chung, B., Boog Park, H., & Hong Chung, K. (2004). Relationships of mood disturbance and social support to symptom experience in Korean women with breast cancer. Journal of Pain and Symptom Management, 27(5), 425-433. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2003.10.007
 
Levinger, G. & Huston, T. L. (1990). The Social Psychology of Marriage. In F. D. Finch & T. N Bradbury (Eds). The Psychology of Marriage, Basic Issues and Applications (19-58). New York: Guilford Press. https://doi.org/10.1177%252F0146167211429450
 
Madanian, L., Syed Mansor, S.M.Sh., Bin Omar, A.H. (2012). Marital satisfaction of Iranian female students in Malaysia: a qualitative study. 3rd World Conference on Psychology, Counselling and Guidance (WCPCG). 
 
Mark, K. P., Janssen, E., & Milhausen, R. R. (2011). Infidenlity in Heterosexual Couples: Demographic Interpersonal, and Personality-Related Predictors of Extradyadic Sex. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 40(5), 971-982. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2003.10.007
 
Mirzaei, F., Khodabakhshandeh kuolaee, A. (2017). The relationship between sleep quality and perceived social support with loneliness in the elderly. Elderly Science, 2(3), 11-20. http://joge.ir/article-1-182-en.html
 
Mitchell, A. E., Castellani, A. M., Herrington, R. L., Joseph, J. I., Doss, B. D., & Snyder, D. K. (2008). Predictors of Intimacy in Couples' Discussions of Relationship Injuries: An Observation Study, Journal of Family Psychology, 22 (1), 21-29. https://psycnet.apa.org/doi/10.1037/0893-3200.22.1.21
 
Nowruzi, S., Rezakhani, S., & Vakili, P. (2019). The causal relationship between time perspective and the marital instability based on the mediator role of communication patterns in married women and men. Applied Psychology, 13(3), 433-451. https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=703655
 
Patrick, Sh., Beckenbach, J. (2009). Male Perceptions of Intimacy: A Qualitative Study. Journal of Men’s Studies, 1(17), 47-56. https://faculty.uml.edu/kluis/59.240/Patrick_MalePerceptionsofIntimacy.pdf
 
Prager, K. J. (2009). Encyclopedia of Human Relationships. Thousand Oaks: SAGE Publications
 
Qamari, M., Rezakhani, S., & Malalo, M. (2014). Investigating marital boredom with perceived social support and life orientation. Quarterly Journal of Counseling and Psychotherapy, 3(11), 45-64. http://psychology.iiau.ac.ir/Files/JCP-11-3.pdf
 
Reis, H. T., Franks, P. (1994). The role of intimacy and social support in health outcomes: Two processes or one? Personal Relationships, 1, 185-197. https://psycnet.apa.org/doi/10.1111/j.1475-6811.1994.tb00061.x
 
Ryff, C. D., Singer, B. H. (2003). Handbook of affective sciences, Goldsmith, Scherer & Goldsmith, H. H. (Eds.) In R. J. Davidson, K. R, New York: Oxford University Press.
 
Saemi, H., Besharat, M. A., AsgharnejadFarid, A., A. (2019). Predicting marital adjustment based on marital intimacy and deficit emotional regulate. Psychological sciences, 18(78), 635-646. https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=742191
 
Salimi, A., Jokar, B., & Nikpour, R. (2009). Internet communication in life: Examining the role of social perception and loneliness in Internet use. Journal of Psychological Studies, 5(3), 81-102. https://dx.doi.org/10.22051/psy.2009.1607
 
Shahrestany, M., Doustkam, M., Rahbardar, H., & Mashhadi, A. (2012). Predicting Marital Satisfaction over The Relational Belief and Marital Intimacy Variables in Normal and Divorced Women in Mashhad. Women and Culture, 4 (14), 41-19. http://jwc.iauahvaz.ac.ir/article_523855.html?lang=fa
 
Shariati, M., Qamrani, A., Solati Dehkordi, K., & Abbasi Molid, H. (2010). Study of the relationship between alexithymia and sexual satisfaction in a group of married female students of Tabriz University. Family Research Quarterly, 6(21), 59- 70. http://ensani.ir/fa/article/222151/
 
Sheibatzadeh, Sh., & Peyavastegar, M. (2016). The Relationship between Conflict Resolution Strategies and Marital Satisfaction in Couples, Fourth National Conference on Counseling and Mental Health, Quchan.
 
Stahmann, R. F. (2004). Intimacy in marriage. Brigham Young University Division of Continuing Education.
 
Tangney, J., Baumeister, R. F., & Boone, A. L. (2004). High self-control predicts good adjustment, less pathology, better grades, and interpersonal success. Journal of Personality, 72(2), 271–324. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.0022-3506.2004.00263.x
 
Tariveh, B., Karimi, Q., Akbari, M., & Moradi, O. (2020). Structural model of marital commitment based on marital communication beliefs, emotional involvement, and criticism in the family with mediating role of marital intimacy. Quarterly of Applied Psychology, 14, 1(53), 139-158. https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?ID=744028
 
Van den Broucke, S., Vertommen, H., & Vandereycken, W. (1995). Construction and validation of a Marital Intimacy Questionnaire. Family Relations: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Applied Family Studies, 44(3), 285–290.  https://doi.org/10.2307/585527
 
Yu, D. S. F., Lee, F. T. D., & Woo, J. (2004). Psychometric testing of the Chinese version of the medical outcomes study social support survey (MOS-SSS-C). Research in Nursing & Health, 27(2), 135-143. https://doi.org/10.1002/nur.20008
 
Zimet, G. D., Dahlem, N. W., Zimet, S. G., & Farley, G. K. (1988). The Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support. Journal of Personality Assessment, 52(1), 30-41.  https://doi.org/10.1207/s15327752jpa5201_2
  • Receive Date: 01 December 2020
  • Revise Date: 21 April 2021
  • Accept Date: 06 May 2021
  • First Publish Date: 22 August 2021