The Effect of Group Counseling based on Choice Theory on Homesickness and Emotion of Thought

Document Type : Research Article

Authors

1 M. c. s. in Clinical Psychology. University Lecturer and Researcher

2 Ph. D. in Health Psychology, Lecturer at Rahman University of Higher Education

3 M. A. in Psychology, Department of Psychology, Instructor in Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran

10.22034/jmp.2022.248069.1000

Abstract

The present study compares the effectiveness of group counseling based on choice theory on homesickness and emotion of thought in students. The statistical population of this study included all students (girls and boys) referred to counseling center of Payame Noorshahrsari University in the academic year 2016-2017. The sample consisted of 30 subjects who were randomly divided into two groups (one experimental group and one control group) (15 for each group). Then, homesickness questionnaire and emotion of thought questionnaire was administered to two groups. Group counseling based on choice theory was received in 8 sessions of 90 minutes for 2 months and the control group did not receive training during this period. Pre-test and post-test data were analyzed using covariance analysis. The results showed that experimental interventions (group training based on group choice theory) reduced homesickness score and decreased thought impatience and increased thought dynamics in students (p<0.01). It can be concluded that group training of choice theory is effective in increasing the emotion of thought and decreasing homesickness in students.

Keywords

Main Subjects


Ebnosharieh, J., Aghili, S. M. (2019). Effectiveness of group based reality therapy based on Glasser choice theory on the general health and obsessive beliefs of divorced women. Journal of Gorgan University of Medical Sciences, 20 (4), 53-60. http://goums.ac.ir/journal/article-1-3468-en.html
Ezheei, J., Dehghani, M., Ganjavi, A., Khodapanahi, M. K. (2008). Validation of utrecht homesickness scale in students. Journal of Research in Behavioral Sciences, 2(1), 1-12. https://www.sid.ir/paper/129747/en
Ghanbarnejad, A., Mohammadi, K., Amirfakhraei, A., Haji Alizadeh, K. (2021). Comparison of the Effectiveness of Training Based on Choice Theory and Creativity Training on Resilience and Excitement of Thought in Health Workers in Yasuj. Armaghane Danesh, 26(5), 770-782. http://armaghanj.yums.ac.ir/article-1-3086-en.html
Glasser, W. (1999). Choice theory: A new psychology of personal freedom. Harper Perennial.
Kazemi Haghighi, N. (2007). The hexahedral paradigm of creative personality:” A review of sixty years of literature for the 21st century,” World Council for Gifted and Talented Children, 17th Biennial World Conference.
Khazaei, T., Sharif-Zadeh, G., Akbarnia, M., Piri, M., Ghanbarzadeh, N. (2013). Relationship between depression, self-esteem, and academic achievement of students in Birjand. Modern Care Journal, 10(2),141 - 8. http://bsid.bums.ac.ir/dspace/handle/bums/5054
Malekitabar, M., Riahi, M. (2017). Effectiveness of Group Counseling based on Choice Theory on Reducing Internet Addiction. Journal of Police Medicine, 5 (5), 331-340.  http://jpmed.ir/article-1-433-en.html
Masten, A. S., & Barnes, A. J. (2018). Resilience in children: Developmental perspectives. Children, 5(7), 98. https://doi.org/10.3390/children5070098
Raddadi, A., Aljabri, J, N., Kareem, M. A., Alattas, A. M., Alkhalawi, M J. (2017). The Prevalence of Depression and Anxiety among Medical Students in Comparison with Non-Medical Students: A Cross-Sectional Study in Taibah University, Al Madinah Al Munawwarah, Saudi Arabia; 2016, International Journal of Academic Scientific Research, 5(1), 72–80. https://www.academia.edu/download/54446753/MS26XXV.pdf
Shojarazavi, P. S., Askarizadeh, G., Bagheri, M. (2022). The Effectiveness of Reality Therapy based on Choice Theory on General Health and Automatic Negative Thoughts of Divorced Women. Iranian Journal of Psychiatry Nursing, 9 (6), 65-74.
http://ijpn.ir/article-1-1882-en.html
Skaalvik, E. M., Skaalvik. S. (2013). School goal structure: associations with student perception of their teacher as emotionally supportive, academic self-concept, intrinsic motivation effort, and help seeking behavior. International journal of educational research, 61, 5-14. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijer.2013.03.007
Thurber, C. A., Walton, E., & Council on School Health. (2007). Preventing and treating homesickness. Pediatrics, 119(1), 192-201. https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2006-2781
Wubbolding, R. E. (2010). Reality therapy, Wiley Online Library. https://doi.org/10.1002/9780470479216.corpsy0780  
Zare, F., Namdarpour, F. (2020). Effectiveness of Choice Theory Training on Adolescent Girls' Emotional Intelligence. Journal of Research in Behavior Sciences, 18 (1), 40-47.  http://rbs.mui.ac.ir/article-1-748-en.html
Zare, H. Aminpour, H. (2012). Psychological tests. Tehran, Aeeizh Press.
 
 
  • Receive Date: 13 September 2020
  • Revise Date: 25 April 2022
  • Accept Date: 17 January 2022
  • First Publish Date: 01 April 2022