Document Type : Research Article
Department of Counseling, Faculty of Educational Sciences and Psychology, Mohaghegh Ardabili University, Ardabil, Iran
The purpose of this study is to compare the effectiveness of Bowen systematic and solution-focused counseling on reducing the risk of divorce, burnout and marital discord among discordant females. The reseach design is quasi-experimental employing multiple groups pretest-posttest. The sample was consisted of all women who attended in Justice Depertment of Ardabil for divorce in 2016. The sample included 45 discordant women (divorce applicants) who were selected by convenience sampling method and were assigned in three groups (two experimental groups and one control group). The couples burnout, marital instability (MII), and Beier-Sternberg (DQ) questionnaires were used for data collection. Bowen systematic counseling and solution-focused counseling were held for experimental groups in 7 sessions, an hour and a half each. While the control group did not receive any intervention. Results from the analysis of variance and Duncan's post hoc test showed that solution-focused counseling is more effective than Bowen systematic method in reducing divorce risk, burnout, and marital discord (p < 0.05). These results can be a strong credit in applying the priority of solution-focused counseling method to reduce the risk of divorce, burnout and marital discord among discordant women, thereby in addition to preventing family breakdown, this method can also be used to prevent marital conflicts.