Comparison of Cognitive Failure, Emotional Processing and Resilience in Female Students with and without Test Anxiety

Document Type : Research Article


1 University of Guilan, Rasht, Iran

2 Professor, Psychology Department, University of Guilan, Rasht, Iran



This study investigated the comparison of cognitive failures, emotional processing and resilience among the girl students with and without test anxiety. The present research is a causal-comparative study. The sample of study was 203 students studying tenth and eleventh grade in Rasht in 2019. 92 students of this sample were with test anxiety and 111 students of it were without test anxiety. The sample of study has been identified and selected from students by cluster sampling with the cutoff point of 50. The students completed Spielberger Test Anxiety Questionnaire, Baker’s Emotional Processing Scale and Connor-Davidson Psychological Resilience Scale. The data was analyzed by multivariable analysis of variance. Results showed that the students with test anxiety have higher scores in cognitive failures, also they have higher scores in emotional processing and lower scores in resilience than students without test anxiety. These results show that cognitive failures, emotional processing and resilience have determinant role in test anxiety.


Main Subjects

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript
Available Online from 23 August 2021
  • Receive Date: 11 May 2021
  • Revise Date: 26 July 2021
  • Accept Date: 23 August 2021