Document Type : Research Article
M.A. in Psychology, Islamic Azad University, Tonekabon Branch, Iran
Assistant Professor, Psychology Department, Islamic Azad University, Tonekabon Beranch, Iran
Research evidence suggests that parenting styles and cognitive factors in mothers may be effective in shaping and exacerbating children's social anxiety. The aim of this study was to determine the social anxiety of schoolgirls based on parenting styles and cognitive flexibility of their mothers. For this descriptive study, a correlation design was used. The statistical population of the study included all students and mothers of sixth grade elementary school in the city of Khomem studying in the academic year of 1998-99. The sample of the study was 200 sixth grade elementary school students who were selected as available. Leibwitz Children and Adolescents Social Anxiety Scale (Masia-Warner et al., 2003), Parenting Styles Scale (Bamrind, 1973) and Cognitive Flexibility Scale (Dennis and Vanderwall, 2010) were used to collect data. Research data were analyzed by Pearson correlation coefficient and multiple regression analysis. The results of multiple regression analysis showed that parenting styles and cognitive flexibility predict 64.1% of the variance of students' social anxiety. These findings suggest that parenting styles and cognitive flexibility play a crucial role in the pathology and prevention of students' social anxiety.