Predicting Social Anxiety in Schoolgirls Based on Parenting Styles and Mothers Cognitive Flexibility

Document Type : Research Article

Authors

1 M.A. in Psychology, Islamic Azad University, Tonekabon Branch, Iran

2 Assistant Professor, Psychology Department, Islamic Azad University, Tonekabon Beranch, Iran

Abstract

Based on research evidence, parenting styles and cognitive factors in mothers may be effective in shaping and exacerbating children's social anxiety. The aim of the present study is to determine the social anxiety of schoolgirls based on parenting styles and cognitive flexibility of their mothers. For this descriptive study, a correlational design is used. The participants of the study include all students in sixth grade elementary school and their mothers in the city of Khomem in the academic year of 2019-2020. The number of participants is 200 sixth grade elementary school students selected based on convenience sampling. Liebowitz Children and Adolescents Social Anxiety Scale (LSAS-CA), Baumrind Parenting Styles Scale and Cognitive Flexibility Scale (CFS) are employed to collect data. The statistical data are analyzed based on Pearson correlation coefficient and multiple regression analysis. The results of multiple regression analysis reveal that parenting styles and cognitive flexibility predict 64.1% of the variance of students' social anxiety. These findings suggest that parenting styles and cognitive flexibility play a crucial role in the pathology and prevention of students' social anxiety.

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Main Subjects


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  • Receive Date: 12 June 2021
  • Revise Date: 01 July 2021
  • Accept Date: 22 August 2021
  • First Publish Date: 22 August 2021